How to Do Library Research

Get Help with Citations

This page provides general information on citations, including how to identify the citation elements of a library source. For assistance with APA and writing, explore your help options in the Writing Center. 

Understand Citation Basics

What is a Citation?

A citation is a direct quote, a paraphrase or a summary of someone else’s information in a work written by someone else. When you write a paper and reference someone else’s work, you must cite them as a source.

Why Should I Cite?

Citing your sources is important for many reasons, with some of those at the forefront being:

  • giving credit to the author(s) who influenced your work,
  • enhancing your research by using credible sources,
  • helping your readers locate the source material, and
  • helping you avoid plagiarism.

Note! Plagiarism can be both intentional and unintentional. Plagiarism is failing to properly acknowledge an author's work in your paper, which means you are claiming their work as your own. Therefore, if you do not cite, you may be subject to a charge of plagiarism per Chamberlain University's Academic Integrity Policy. You should review the section on plagiarism (pages 31-32) for further details on what qualifies as plagiarism within the university.

When Do I Cite?

In-text citations are required every time you quote, paraphrase or summarize information or an idea from an author’s work in your paper.

  • Direct quoting is when you use more than one of the referenced author’s words.
  • Paraphrasing or summarizing is when you use your own words to describe the referenced author’s ideas.

Identify Citation Elements

To create a citation for a source, you first need to know what type of source it is. You can identify a type of source by becoming familiar with the parts of a citation. If you cannot find what you need from the database result, open the document to help determine the type of source.

Consider the image of a record from CINAHL below: The first lines contain the reference. You can see the title [1], the authors/creators [2], the name of the journal [3], when it was published [4], the volume and issue [5], and the page numbers [6]. You have everything you need to create an accurate citation. If the source also contains a DOI, the reference may need that for completeness. Check your reference manual for guidelines on references for articles, books, newspapers and more.

Manage Your Citations

RefWorks is the premier citation management tool of ProQuest's ExLibris Knowledge Center. To use this tool, you will have to create an account. 

Create a RefWorks Account

  1. Go to the library homepage.
  2. Select the R in the Databases A to Z alphabetical list below the library search box.
  3. Select RefWorks from the alphabetical list. 
  4. From the login page, select Create Account. Make sure to use your Chamberlain email address to set up an account.
  5. After you fill out the required information, you should receive a confirmation email with a link. Select the link to activate your account. 

Once you create an account, you will be able to do the following:

  • build and manage citations
  • collect, manage, and organize full-text documents
  • collaborate by sharing collections 
  • import citations from EBSCO, ProQuest and OVID and perform an RIS import from PubMed

Find and Share Permalinks

Search Everything Permalinks

The Search Everything box on the library homepage searches all library databases at once. The image below highlights where to find permalinks in this search system. From the search results page, select the Permalink (chain link) icon next to the title of the article. A pop-up box will appear below the citation information with the permalink. You can select Copy the Permalink to Clipboard to copy and paste it into your document.

CINAHL Permalinks

The image below highlights where to find permalinks in the CINAHL or Medline Complete databases. After you select the title of the article from the search results page, locate the Tools menu to the right of the page, and select Permalink. A pop-up box will appear above the title of the article with the permalink.

OVID Permalinks

The image below highlights where to find permalinks in the OVID database. After you select the title of the article from the search results page, locate the Tools menu to the right of the page, and select Email Jumpstart. The link in the Email Jumpstart pop-up box is the permalink.

ProQuest Permalinks

The image below highlights where to find permalinks in the ProQuest databases. After you select the title of the article from the search results page, you can go to Abstract/Details in the left-hand navigation menu to open the detailed record. The link next to Document URL at the bottom of the page is the permalink.

Databases with Browser URL Permalinks

In the following databases, the browser URL is the permalink:

  • Science Direct
  • Wiley
  • DOAJ

You can find the browser URL at the top of your browser window as shown in the image below.