You will often complete a search but need to narrow it down more or even change the search altogether. Changing keywords and connectors is one way to do this, but the database gives more filter options.
Use quotation marks if you are searching for two or more words as a phrase. When you enclose the words in quotation marks, the databases will search for those words together instead of as individual words.
"Battle of the Bulge"
The above example will return sources on The Battle of the Bulge. If you searched without quotes, it may return sources on The Battle of the Bulge, but it may also return sources on battle or bulges in general.
Parentheses can be used to group similar keywords or synonyms together as a single topic.
impact AND (WHO OR "world health organization")
By grouping the acronym WHO and its written-out form together, the database will search for it either way.
Tip! Some databases don't require parentheses, but they can help visually group terms together.
An asterisk can replace the ending of a word to search all forms of that word; this is a strategy called truncation.
The above example will become child, children, childhood, childish, etc. This can be a useful strategy when searching for words that can be written in different forms, like cultural competency/culturally competent.
When clicking on this filter, you will see many words that are possibly related to your search. Think of the subject words as main topics or main ideas. When you choose one or more of those subject words, it will narrow your search to see those words as a main topic.
You can add a country as a keyword:
“medical insurance” AND “United States”
While adding a country as a keyword may help, it is recommended to look at the source itself to determine where the research was completed. Good places to look for this information are the abstract, methods, or results sections. In one (or all) of these sections, you should find what the study is and that usually includes where it took place.
The Search Everything box is the search box on the library homepage that searches all of the databases in Chamberlain Library at once. To find a permalink in this search system, follow the steps below.
1. When you find a source you are interested in from the search results, click on the permalink (chain link) icon in the upper right-hand corner.
2. Select Copy the Permalink to Clipboard link that appears below the citation.
3. Paste that link into your document.
To find the permalink for an article in an EBSCO database like CINAHL or Medline Complete, follow the steps below.
1. From the Search Results page, click the title of the article you're interested in.
2. This will take you to the Detailed Record for the article.
An article's Detailed Record contains all the important information about an article. It's also where you can find a number of other tools besides the permalink button, so be sure to explore what's there!
3. On the right-hand side of the page, look for the Tools menu.
4. Under Tools, select the Permalink icon.
5. A box will appear above the title of the page containing a long URL that starts with
https:// -- that's the permalink.
To find permalinks in the OVID database, follow the steps below.
1. Go to the article in OVID, and look for the Tools menu on the right-hand side of the page.
2. Select Email Jumpstart.
3. A box will appear in the center of the screen -- the Jumpstart URL is your permalink. Once you've copied the permalink, you can close the box. You don't need to do anything else.
To find permalinks in ProQuest databases, follow the steps below.
1. Select the article title from the search results in ProQuest to open the detailed record.
2. Select the Details tab right below the article title.
3. Scroll down the page to the Document URL -- that link is your permalink.
In the following databases, the Browser URL is the permalink:
You can find the Browser URL at the top of your browser window as shown below.
Once you've found a source (or ten!) you want to read or use for an assignment, you will want to be able to easily get back to the sources again. The library has different recommendations on managing citations but the number one rule is to find a method that works for you!
Note! Each citation manager is different and we always recommend double checking the citation for accuracy.
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