Citing Library Sources

What Type of Source Do I Have?

In order to create a citation for a source, you first need to know what type of source it is. You can easily identify a type of source by becoming familiar with the parts of a citation.

Library resource with citation elements highlighted

Consider the above record from CINAHL: The first lines contain the reference. You can see the title [1], the authors/creators [2], the name of the journal [3], when it was published [4], the volume and issue [5], and the page numbers [6]. You have everything you need to create an accurate citation. If the source also contains a DOI, the reference may need that for completeness. Check your reference manual for guidelines on references for articles, books, newspapers, and more.

 Tip! You may also be able to tell what type of source it is based on the source's icon.

Where Can I Find Publication Information for My Citation?

Search Everything

The Search Everything is the search box on the library homepage that searches all of the databases in Chamberlain Library at once. To find the publication information for a source in this search system, follow the steps below:

1. After you do a search, click on the title of a source you are interested in from the search results.

Article title from a library search box search result

2. This will take you to the source's full record where you can find all of the elements needed to create a citation. Scroll down to the Details section to find most of the citation elements.

3. If information is missing from the Details, such as a DOI number, open the full text of the article. The main parts you will need for creating a citation will be on either the first or last page of an article.

Details section of a full source record.

CINAHL (EBSCO Databases)

To find publication details in CINAHL or other EBSCO databases, follow the steps below:

1. After you do a search, click on the source’s title from the search results to be taken to the detailed record.

Library resource title highlighted

2. The detailed record page will contain all the information you need to craft a complete and accurate reference. Most detailed records will contain the abstract as well, so you may need to scroll down to get all the information you need.

3. Open the full text of the article to make sure you don't miss any citation information.

Library resource detailed record with abstract and citation information

Ovid Database

To find publication information in OVID, follow the steps below:

1. After you do a search, select Complete Reference for the source in the search results.

OVID complete reference information highlighted

2. Use the information on the complete reference page to create a citation from scratch. Note: Some interfaces may even provide tools to export a citation to a citation manager.

OVID complete reference page with all citation elements

ProQuest Database

To find publication information in ProQuest, follow the steps below:

1. After you do a search, select the Abstract/Details link for the source from the results page.

ProQuest abstract/details link for title from search results page

2. From there, you can see the detailed record with all the necessary citation information, as well as links to download the PDF, export a citation, print, and more. Note: The abstract may be included on this page, so you may have to scroll down to see all the details.

ProQuest abstract/details tab for selected title

Science Direct Database

To find publication information in Science Direct or other Elsevier databases, follow the steps below:

1. After you do a search, click the source’s title in the search results to be taken to the record page.

Science Direct resource title selected from search results

2. On the detailed record page, all the information you need is at the top of the page.

3. Select Show more for additional details, should you need them.

Science Direct publication information highlighted on detailed record page

DOI and Permalinks

APA 7th style requires a citation to include a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) URL ( if one is provided. The DOI only locates the article on the journal's website; it doesn’t provide access to the article in the library. 

The article permalink is not considered an element of the APA 7th citation.

Tip! A quick way to find the required reading articles in the library is to paste the full article title into the Search Everything box on the library homepage.

For more information on permalinks, go to the Learn to Search guide below.